Periodontitis, also commonly called pyrea, is the severe form of periodontal disease or gum disease? If you are over thirty-five you are likely to suffer from periodontitis the more advanced form of gum disease (gingivitis is the milder form). Many people suffer from gum disease and do not know it.
The following symptoms can indicate that you have gum disease. Note however that often there are no symptoms to warn you of any form of gum disease. (Some symptoms are similar to gingivitis, the milder form of gum disease) The major symptoms are:
- Your have bleeding gums (gums bleed when you brush or floss)
- You have bad breath
- You may have an unpleasant taste in your mouth
- Your gums are tender, red or swollen
- You may have noticed pus on your gum line
- You have loose teeth.
- You feel pain or discomfort when chewing
- Your teeth are sensitive to hot or cold foods or beverages
- Your teeth look longer due to gum recession
- A gum abscess may form
- Your health has declined
The American Academy of Periodontology (along with the ADA – American Dental Association) has estimated that thirty-two million Americans have periodontitis. Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss for people over thirty-five years old. A survey conducted by The National Institute of Dental Research revealed that one out of eleven Americans has lost all their teeth.
The gum disease bacteria (plaque) force the gum to detach from the tooth forming a pocket. The bacteria at the base of the pocket cannot be reached by brushing, flossing and irrigating. Out of reach and often without symptoms, the gum disease bacteria deepen the pocket and continue to destroy the bone which supports the teeth.
If you have gum disease or periodontitis, the bacteria in the gingival pockets have already destroyed some of the bone that supports the teeth. If you do not elminate the bacteria, your pockets will deepen and more bone will be lost.
The germs that cause gum disease have been connected to heart disease, gastric ulcers and sinusitis. The germs are also suspect in a host of other ailments. This is another reason why it is so important to kill the gum disease bacteria in deep pockets.
Most gum diseases (gingivitis, periodontal diseases / pyrea) are caused by poor oral hygiene or gum/tooth health, although smoking, pregnancy and diabetes can be causes. The build-up of tartar results in the cultivation of bacteria which causes the gum line to recede. Ultimately this results in the losing the tooth (or teeth).
The following lists the various stages of gum disease (gingivitis, periodontal disease).
- build-up of tartar
- receding gum line
- deep pockets between the gums and teeth (necrotizing, advanced or severe stages)
- losing bone tissue or structure under the gums (necrotizing, advanced or severe stages)
- loose tooth (or teeth)
- losing the tooth (or teeth)
The followng lists the symptoms (and signs) of gum disease (gingivitis, periodontal disease).
- receding gum line
- infection and / or bleeding of the gum
- bad breath
- loose tooth (loose teeth)
- pain in biting
- eventually losing the tooth (losing the teeth)
The only wasy to know for sure if you have gum disease is to contact a dental professional for a complete evaluation. Dr. Reese will be glad to help you on your journey to a happy, HEALTHY smile.